Tuesday, July 30, 2019

Top 10 Highest Mountains on Earth

Huge snowy mountains has always been a center of attraction to anyone. There are millions of mountains on earth, among them here are the top 10 highest mountains.

      1)      Mount Everest (8848 m. / 29029 ft.), Nepal

Mount Everest also known as Sagarmatha in Nepali and Chomolungma in Tibetan is the World’s highest peak in the world standing at the height of 8848 meter above sea level. It was found in 1865 AD and named after the British General, George Everest the chief of Land surveyor team. Before that they named it as peak XV because this peak was on 15th number of their survey list during their measurement process and it had no local name. The first two heroes to successfully climb Mount Everest are Tenzing Norgay Sherpa (Nepal) and Edmund Hillary (Edmund Hillary). They reached on the top of Mount Everest in 1953. Since then the number of climbers has been increasing every year.

      2)      Mount K2 (8611 m. / 28251 ft.), Pakistan

After Mt. Everest the second highest peak of the world is K2 with an altitude of 8611 meter above sea level. Located on the border of China and Pakistan it the tallest peak in the Karakoram Himalayan range. This peak is considered as one of the most difficult peak to climb due to which mountaineers call it as a Savage Mountain. This peak was first ascended to the summit in 1954 by The 1654 Italian Karakoram expedition team. Ardito Desio was the group leader and climbed with Lino Lacedelli and Achille Compagnoni.

      3)      Mount Kanchenjunga (8586 m. / 28169 ft.), Nepal/India

With the height of 8586 meter above sea level, Mount Kanchenjunga ranks 3rd among the highest peak in the World and ranks 2nd highest peak in Nepal. It lies in Nepal as well as India. Mount Kanchenjunga was considered as the highest peak in the world until Mt. Everest and K2 were discovered. In Tibetan language the name of the peak means The Five Treasures of Snow. Joe Brown and George Band from British expedition are the first climbers to climb Kanchenjunga. They reached the summit in May 25, 1955.

      4)      Mount Lhotse (8516m. / 27940 ft.), Nepal

Connected with Mt. Everest, Lhotse is the world’s 4th highest mountain. The height of this mountain is 8516 meter.  It lies between the border of Tibet and Nepal. This mountain also consists of Lhotse Middle and Lhotse Shar with an altitude of 8414 meter and 8383 meter respectively. The first climbers to climb Mount Lhotse are Ernst Reiss and Fritz Luchsinger from Switzerland. They accomplished the summit in 1956.

       5)      Mount Makalu (8485 m. / 27838 ft.), Nepal

The fifth tallest mountain in the world is Makalu with an altitude 8485 meter. It is located in the Himalaya range of Mahalangur, on the border of Nepal and Tibet. This mountain is the unique one due to its four-sided pyramid shape. In May 15, 1955 Lionel Terray and Jean Couzy from French expedition first stood on the summit of Mt. Makalu for the first time.

      6)      Mount Cho Oyu (8188 m. / 26864 ft.), Nepal

The sixth highest mountain in the world is Cho oyu. It also lies in Nepal with the height of 8188 meters above sea level. In Tibet cho oyu refers to Turquoise Goddess. So the Tibetan worship this mountain as a goddess. This mountain on the border of Nepal and Tibet. In October 19, 1954, the first successful ascend was done by Herbert Tichy, Joseph Jochler from Austria and Pasang Lama from Nepal.

      7)      Mount Dhaulagiri (8147 m. / 26795 ft.), Nepal

Mount Dhaulagiri ranks 7th world’s highest peak with an altitude of 8147 meter above sea level. The word is derived from Sanskrit word, Dhawala means white or bright and Giri means Huge mountain. Mount Dhaulagiri was first climbed in 13 May 1960 by Swiss-Austrain expedition team led by Max Eiselin including Nyima Dorje Sherpa and Nawang Dorje Sherpa from Nepal.

      8)      Mount Manaslu (8163 m. / 26781 ft.), Nepal 

Mount Manaslu which means the “mountain of the spirit” is 8th highest mountain of the world. It is also the highest mounain in the Gorkha District with the height of 8163 meters above sea level. The first successful ascend was done in May 9, 1956 by the Toshio Imanishi from Japan and Gyaltsen Norbu Sherpa from Nepal.

       9)      Nanga Parbat (8126 m. / 26660 ft.), Pakistan

Nanga Parbat is situated in the Diamer District of Pakistan, it is the 9th highest mountain of the world. The highest elevation of this peak is 8126 meter above sea level. The name Nanga Parbat means Naked Mountain in Sanskrit word. Locally this name is known by Diamer which means Huge Mountain in Tibetan language. The Austrain climber named Hermann Buhl is the first one to reach the summit of this peak. He reached the summit in July 3, 1953.

      10)   Mount Annapurna (8091m. / 26545 ft.), Nepal

The 10th highest mountain of the world is Mount Annapurna. The highest altitude of this peak is 8091 meter above sea level. Annapurna is worshiped as the goddess of harvest. Annapurna peak is considered as the most dangerous mountains to climb. It has the highest fatality rate. In 3rd June 1950, Maurice herzong and Louis Lachenal from France became first climbers to climb this deadly mountain. 

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