Thursday, March 06, 2014

Medicinal plants of Nepal - Yarsagumba

Nepal is a country which is rich in diverse flora. Mainly the Himalayan and the Mountain regions are crammed with plants that hold great medicinal properties. Among these, Yarsagumba (Cordyceps sinensis) found in the Himalayan region of Nepal is well-known throughout the world for its excellent therapeutic value.  This herb is even exported to the countries all over the world which makes it more popular.
Yarsagumba has a unique property that it is a symbiotic relationship between a caterpillar and a mushroom (fungus). Before the commencement of rainy season, spores of the fungus fall on the caterpillar’s head and penetrate into its body. Gradually, the fungus takes away all of the energy from the caterpillar’s body thus killing it.

It is used to treat the illnesses like headache, toothache, asthma, cancer, Tuberculosis, cold and cough and infertility in male and female. Many people living in the mountainous region go to collect this plant which helps them earn their livelihood during the season when it is found in abundance.   

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Cordyceps sinensis

Medicinal plants of Nepal- Orchids

As described in our previous blog, Nepal hosts many flora and vegetation which have tremendous medicinal properties. Orchids are the other class of plants that have high aesthetic as well as therapeutic potential. Most of the orchids fall under the category of epiphytes- the plants that grow on tree trunks in the forests and other similar habitats.  

The orchids that are found in the wild environment are used for treatment against various illnesses of respiratory system, reproductive system, central nervous system and other infectious diseases. Some are also discovered to possess anti-cancer properties. Called ‘Sunakhari’ in Nepali, this plant has many species which are found in the wildlife of Nepal. According to a research conducted in Nepal, about 60 species of orchids have been found to cure about 38 illnesses which demonstrate the significance of these flowers in the field of natural medicine.

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So when you are on a tour in Nepal, you can try to get information on these beautiful flora.  
Orchids in Nepal